Body postures, part 4: Forward head

Forward head posture is an anterior position of the cervical spine. It is caused by things like too much use of computer and mobile phones, weak back muscle, sleeping with head too high or lack of nutrients such as calcium.

Possibility for negative effects apart from the head forward including tingling and numbness is the arms and burning pain between the shoulder blades.

It is fairly easy to correct, unlike other posture problems such as Sway back, Lumbar Lordosis and Thoracic Kyphosis .


  • Stretching muscles that causes elevation
  • Lower cervical flexors
  • Sternocleidomastoid
  • Scalene muscles
  • Upper cervical extensors
  • Semispinalis capitis
  • Longissimus capitis
  • Splenius capitis
  • Suboccipitial muscles
  • Strengthening muscles that causes neck retraction
  • Lower cervical extensors
  • Splenius cervicis
  • Semispinalis cervicis
  • Longissimus cervicis
  • Upper cervical flexors
  • Longus capitis
  • Rectus capitis anterior
  • Suprahyoid muscles

Forward head posture is commonly seems as part of the Upper Crossed Syndrome and Thoracis outlet syndrome, where treatment involves stretching the front of the torso such as pectoralis major and pectoralis minor and strengthening the back of the torso such as rhomboids.